Recount Text Soal dan Jawaban: Charles Darwin

Recount Text beserta soal dan jawaban: Charles Darwin

Recount Text: Charles Darwin
The following text is for questions 42 to 44

Charles Robert Darwin was born in Shrewsbury, England, on February 12, 1809. He came from a wealthy family and never had to work. He studied medicine and theology. In 1831 he graduated from University of Cambridge with a degree of theology.

He began a career as a scientist quite by chance. On December 27,1831, 22 years old Charles Darwin joined the crew of the HMS Beagle as a naturalist. The five years expedition collected hydrographic, geologic, and meteorologic data from South America and many other regions around the world. Darwin’s own observation on this voyage led to his theory of natural selection.

Charles Darwin was greatly influenced by the geologist Adam Sedgwick and naturalist John Henslow in his development of the theory of natural selection, which was to become the foundation concept supporting the theory of evolution. Darwin’s theory holds that environmental effects lead to varying degrees of reproductive success in individuals and groups of organisms. Natural selection tends to promote adaptation in organisms when necessary for survival. This revolutionary theory was published in 1859 in Darwin’s now famous On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.
(Sumber: Soal Ujian Nasional SMA / MA 2013)

42. Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution believed that ….
A. people could defend themselves naturally
B. environment affected natural election  
C. organism needed adaptation to survive
D. people and nature supported to each other
E. natural selection tend to adapt organism to survive
Pembahasan:
Berdasarkan kalimat “Natural selection tends to promote adaptation in organisms when necessary for survival” yang terdapat pada kalimat ke-3 di paragraf ke-3, dapat diketahui bahwa proses seleksi alam cenderung membuat organisme melakukan adaptasi yang diperlukan untuk bisa bertahan hidup sehingga pilihan jawaban (E) adalah yang paling tepat.

Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah (E) natural selection tend to adapt organism to survive

43. How was Darwin’s theory of natural selection developed?
A. Adapted by the necessary for survival.  
B. Influenced by his collection.
C. Supported the effect of environment.
D. Influenced by John Henslow.
E. Affected by groups of organisms.
Pembahasan:
Berdasarkan kalimat “Charles Darwin was greatly influenced by the geologist Adam Sedgwick and naturalist John Henslow in his development of the theory of natural selection” yang terdapat pada kalimat pertama di paragraf ke-3, dapat diketahui bahwa dalam pengembangan teori seleksi alamnya, Charles Darwin sangat terpengaruhi oleh ahli geologi Adam S. dan ahli alam John H. sehingga pilihan jawaban (D) adalah yang paling tepat.

Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah (D) Influenced by John Henslow.

44. The famous Darwin theory was published based on ….
A. theories developed by other scientists
B. the influence of organisms adaptation in survival living
C. the success of his observation supported by geologist and naturalist
D. his expedition and natural observation data a scientist
E. the observation of other geologists’ natural selection
Pembahasan:
Berdasarkan kalimat “Darwin’s own observation on this voyage led to his theory of natural selection. Charles Darwin was greatly influenced by the geologist Adam Sedgwick and naturalist John Henslow in his development of the theory of natural selection” yang terdapat pada kalimat terakhir di paragraf ke-2 dan kalimat pertama di paragraf ke-3, dapat diketahui bahwa hasil observasi Darwin dan pengaruh dari geologist dan naturalist yang membuatnya mampu mengembangkan teori evolusi sehingga pilihan jawaban (C) adalah yang paling tepat.

Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah (C) the success of his observation supported by geologist and naturalist

Sekian Recount Text beserta soal dan jawaban: Charles Darwin. Semoga Recount Text beserta soal dan jawaban: Charles Darwin tadi dapat membantu teman-teman dalam belajar bahasa Inggris.

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